The first and foremost thing that I would like you all to remember is that plants do not need much care during the winters as they do during the summers. However, it is still important to take care of them during the winter. That means you just cannot afford to neglect them. You need to water them even during the winter. Let us discuss a few things regarding watering the plants during winter.
Plants are to some extent damaged due to ice and strong wind during the winter. In many regions, you will find that precipitation of normal winter is more than enough for plants, as the cold weather ensures that there is no need of too much watering. However, one very important thing that I would like you to ensure is that the plants have adequate hydration. It helps to protect them from the harshness of winter. Let us discuss some of the steps that you need to take:
Step 1: First of all, you need to water the garden in a proper way throughout the fall. Particularly, when it comes to watering the saplings or shrubs that you have freshly planted, you need to water deeply. The idea is to give your garden a thorough watering at the interval of every two to three weeks, till the arrival of the very first frost.
Conserving water is one of the most imperative aspects of garden. This has to be done if you are to excel in the art of gardening. This is not only your duty not to use water abundantly and spoil it, but this is needed so that you never have water scarcity, which is the last thing you should encounter. There are a number of ways in which you can conserve water. However, here I shall discuss the ones that I have practiced days in and days out.
Hold Water in Water Pots; Carry Out Gardening in the Morning
It is widely believed that it is best to water the plants during the day or in the morning, as this always has a noteworthy effect on the plants so far as their growth is concerned. However, my point is that you need to make sure that after you water the plant, you are able to preserve it for a considerable period of time, as you do not have to channelize too much of water for this purpose. This is more evident if you are staying somewhere that is infamous for scarcity of water. The best way to do that is to use pots that are made up materials that have a high moisture retention capacity. That means, you need to make sure that the plants do not dry out quickly simply because all the water that you have poured have simply drained out of the pot.
As the fall sets in, it marks the arrival of autumn with the winter following just behind it. This is the time of the year where you need to pull up your socks and make your garden ready for the hard days ahead. It should make you start thinking about the lawn of your garden. With the arrival of autumn the mercury rapidly runs down and with occasional downpour, it gets even cooler, setting the perfect time for you to prepare your garden and its lawn.
I have seen a handful of homeowners who have a wrong perception that there is simply no need to turn attention towards the lawn of their garden during the fall as the grass does not grow as rapidly as the plants. This is absolutely wrong as during this time, just like the plant and other foliage, grass also keeps in absorbing all the energy, nutrients and moisture to prepare itself for the long, cold days ahead. Hence they keep in growing rapidly. So what are the steps that you can take? Here they are:
You need to continue watering and mowing your lawn as and when you need, all throughout the fall days. Then, as and when the winter approaches and sets in you need to change the blade of your mower to the lowest point and go for two more mowing sessions. This will allow more sunlight to creep in to the soil through the grass. This will drastically reduce the amount of leaf turning brown due to lack of sunlight once the winter sets in completely. I would suggest you to set the blade settings in such a way that does not trim off more than one third of the blades of the grass one at a time.
Ventilate the soil of your garden
Another thing that you need to do during fall is aerating the soil. This is an imperative task because water, oxygen, and the fertilizers are able to get to the root of the grass without any hindrance. There are different types of soil aerators available in the market and you can easily opt for the one that you will find apt for your garden.
Mulching is the most important aspect of gardening. Whoever comes to me gets this tip from my side as the first and foremost lesson.
What is Mulching?
Mulching is in fact a well established and well practiced horticultural exercise, which involves uniform distribution of layers of materials on the ground in the area surrounding the root of a plant with a view to protect the root from heat, drought or cold and to keep the fruits or flowers clean and disease free and to improve the growth of the plant in question. Let me now discuss a few very crucial aspects of mulching.
Types of mulching
Mulching can be of two types – inorganic and organic.
Inorganic Mulching: – This includes use of plastic, rocks or rock chip, and different types of non-plant materials or materials that are not parts of plant kingdom.
Organic Mulching: – This, on the other hand, includes straw, newspaper, compost sawdust, and a range of other materials belonging to a similar variety.
When you indulge in shallow cultivation of the surface of soil after a heavy spell of rain slows down the pace of water loss from the soil, an effective mulching always makes the difference, preventing raindrops from splashing on the soil surface, thereby reducing the spread of diseases.
Soil is THE MOST IMPORTANT aspect of a garden – of any garden. Hence, before doing anything in your garden you need to take utmost care of the soil of your garden. Remember, the soil in your garden or your locality is the best important as well as valuable resource, which needs to be taken care of – regularly. How to do that? Here are some ways from me for your perusal.
Add organic matters to the soil
Adding organic substances of various kinds will go a long way in improving the soil structure of your garden. Organic substances, quite frankly is the most vital component of the structure of soil as it provides the food and the nutrients that are needed by the essential microorganisms as well as the produces that you grow. You need to keep in mind that with the passage of each season and with the death and removal of each leaf, the capacity of the soil to produce healthy plants and foliage gets depleted. Here is where you need to take care of the soil and add organic matters as that will help the soil maintain its water and nutrient retention capabilities. As water in the form of moisture is retained by minute cavities between the soil particles, adding organic matters will always make the difference.